Gender, Careers and Higher Education
It’s not always the best idea to follow the crowd, but looking at trends can help when it comes to making education and employment decisions. A recent study from Statistics Canada reveals some interesting facts regarding gender, work, and university education.
According to the report “Changes in the Occupational Profile of Young Men and Women in Canada,” the number of working women with university degrees rose from 19 to 40 per cent from 1991 to 2011. Generally, these women found work in ‘traditional’ fields such as nursing and teaching both elementary and high school. In fact, these professions accounted for at least 20 per cent of the women with university degrees looked at in the study.
Occupations that showed the greatest growth in the number of women with university educations included health policy researchers, consultants and program officers, human resource specialists and physicians.
In 2011, young men with university educations were found mostly in computer programming, auditing and accounting, and teaching high school. The greatest growth areas for men with a degree included civil engineers and financial managers.
Women without a university degree were found mostly to be early childhood educators or general office clerks. For men in the same demographic, the top professions were carpenters, retail workers and truck drivers. The greatest overlap between the sexes was found in sales, marketing and advertising managers, lawyers and retail managers.
The findings, published in Insights on Canadian Society, represents data gathered from men and women between the ages of 25-34, with and without university degrees.